Since the first exoplanet, discovered in 1995, more than 460 others have been found. While astronomers have been able to measure the size, orbital characteristics, and even the molecular make up of the atmospheres, many mysteries about their formation and evolution remain.
Are we born with an innate sense of direction, or is it learned? Research from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience suggests that the brain comes hard-wired with working navigational neurons.
In the quest for faster and cheaper computers, scientists have imaged pore structures in insulation material at sub-nanometer scales for the first time. Understanding these structures could substantially enhance computer performance and power usage of integrated circuits.
Eight scientists whose discoveries have dramatically expanded human understanding in the fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience have been recognised with the award of the million-dollar Kavli Prizes.
David A. Weitz, co-director of KIBST, and Terry Sejnowsk, executive committee member of KIBM, have elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Kavli Prize laureate Sten Grillner was elected as a foreign associate.